Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. There are known to be about three hundred species of worms in the world. Worms parasitize in the internal organs, affect them and cause various diseases.
Parasitic eggs enter the human body in several ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways to get into the human body. Infectious helminthiasis is spread if personal hygiene rules are not followed (unwashed hands).
- Geohelminthiasis. The larvae enter the soil or water by the feces of diseased animals or by the transfer of insects. Flies are the main carriers of the infection. In addition, the source of invasion is direct contact with the sick animal through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biohelminthiasis. Infection occurs through food, through food. Wormwood enters the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits and eggs. Consumption of undercooked meat, fish and seafood also leads to invasion.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can identify the presence of a disease in a person with the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- bloating, bloating;
- violation of the chair;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these signs appear, contact your doctor immediately, who will issue a referral to diagnose the disease.
Treatment of worms
The presence of the disease cannot be detected immediately. The latency period can last for years. Once the diagnosis is made, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who performs a series of tests to identify the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. A separate treatment procedure is prescribed for each type of parasite. Self-medication is contraindicated in this case. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions and injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy should be repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, some of the helminthic worms are killed and excreted in the feces.
The treatment of worms takes an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should attend a course on prevention of helminthiasis.